Accueil > Productions scientifiques > From Bioinspiration to Biomimicry in Architecture : Opportunities and (...)

Natasha HEIL
Encyclopedia of Engineering 2023, 3(1), 202-223 ;

From Bioinspiration to Biomimicry in Architecture : Opportunities and Challenges

Mars 2023

Definition :
The term “bioinspiration” defines a creative approach based on the observation of biological principles and transfer to design. Biomimicry is the recent approach, which describes a large field of scientific and technical activities dealing with an interdisciplinary cooperation between biology and other fields with the goal of solving practical problems addressing innovation or sustainable development. Architecture has been influenced by many aspects of natural and social sciences, among these, biology is currently blending into design activities. Bioinspiration has evolved and shifted architectural practices towards numerous innovative approaches through different bioarchitectural movements from the past until the present. However, there is a blur of biomimicry within bioinspiration in architecture between the direct copy of mere natural forms and the true understanding of biological principles, which is the pivot of sustainable development. The main challenge remains in the gap between the profound knowledge of biology, its related scientific fields and the creative process of architectural design, including cross-disciplinary collaboration between architects and biologists. This entry presents main bioarchitectural movements and how it leads to today’s biomimicry. It proposes to define biomimicry methodologies and how this approach applies to architectural design contexts through the study of existing case studies. The opportunities, challenges and the future outlook of the field will also be discussed.
Keywords : architecture ; biology ; bioinspiration ; biomimetics ; biomimicry ; interdisciplinarity ; analogical design process ; sustainability

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